- Stock #3008-5 (100 tablets)
Approximately 61% of adults in the United States are overweight, while more than a quarter of U.S. adults are obese. Obesity is strongly associated with serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and heart disease. Although 30-40% of the obese claim that they are trying to lose weight or maintain weight following weight-loss, current therapies appear to provide little success. Thus, the inability of many individuals to control their weight through diet and exercise has created a need for additional therapeutic means to combat obesity. Unfortunately, the pharmaceutical industry has yet to find the solution, and worse, most weight-loss drugs created to date have serious adverse effects.1,2
MetaboMax EF is a healthy and natural weight-loss supplement that is 100% caffeine- and ephedra-free. MetaboMax EF is designed to enhance the body’s ability to burn fat—a process called thermogenesis—by stimulating the sympathetic nervous system to increase metabolism. MetaboMax also helps reduce appetite and food cravings, including cravings for sweets, while increasing energy, eliminating excess fluid retention, promoting healthy glandular function, and improving digestion. The combined effects of MetaboMax EF provide individuals with a natural and safe way to lose unwanted weight.3,4
Each tablet of MetaboMax EF contains:
5-8provides strong antioxidant activity, promotes elimination of excess tissue fluids (edema), and helps prevent muscular wasting and fat deposits in the muscles. Vitamin E also enhances the body’s ability to use fats and metabolize fat-soluble vitamins. In addition, vitamin E contributes to optimal functioning of the thyroid gland and combats the gradual decline of metabolic processes associated with aging. Furthermore, research has shown an inverse association between serum (blood levels) vitamin E and body mass index—obese patients demonstrate low serum vitamin E. A recent study, which echoed the results of previous investigations, found that serum vitamin E concentrations were 10% lower among obese participants compared to normal weight participants.
9, a trace mineral, is an important element for effective weight-loss. In order to facilitate weight-loss, the body’s cells need to become more receptive to the hormone insulin, which is critical for maintaining balanced blood sugar levels and stimulating thermogenesis. Chromium plays an essential role in increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Without chromium, the action of insulin is inhibited, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels and decreased thermogenesis.
Garcinia cambogia 30 to 60 minutes before meals for a total dose of 2.4 grams per day (1.2 grams per day HCA), while 47 women took matched placebos. All participants also consumed a low-calorie diet (1200 kcal/day). Although both groups lost body weight, the treatment group achieved a significantly greater reduction, losing an average of 54% more body weight.3,10-12contains the active ingredient hydroxycitric acid (HCA), which has been shown in animal studies to be a powerful lipogenic inhibitor—a substance that slows or inhibits the production of fat. A growing body of evidence demonstrates the efficacy of garcinia-derived HCA in weight management by curbing appetite and inhibiting body fat synthesis. Extensive animal studies indicate that HCA suppresses fatty acid synthesis, lipogenesis (fat production) and food intake, and induces weight loss. A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving mildly overweight females. The treatment group of 42 women took 400mg caplets of
Citrus aurantium, contains the active ingredient synephrine, a natural thermogenic agent similar to ephedrine, but having none of the latter’s side effects. Thermogenic substances, including synephrine, have been found to increase the body’s ability to burn calories and break down fat stores—a process known as lipolysis. Bitter orange has been reported to aid in weight loss in 2 studies and increase thermogenesis, at least to some extent, in 3 studies. Thus, bitter orange may be the best thermogenic substitute for ephedra at present.1,13-17, the unripe fruit of
18,19– Lotus leaf has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine, particularly with regards to the liver and spleen. Lotus leaf is often used for reducing high levels of blood lipids (fats such as cholesterol and triglycerides) in those with hypercholesterolemia (abnormally high concentrations of cholesterol in the bloodstream) and hypertriglyceridemia (elevated triglyceride concentration in the blood), both of which are associated with obesity and contribute to increased risk of heart disease.
20-24(decaffeinated) – Green tea contains compounds known as polyphenols that function as antioxidants, combat cancer, and inhibit the oxidation of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol. Green tea also increases thermogenesis, an important calorie-burning mechanism. Results from a randomized, controlled clinical trial found that green tea extract stimulated thermogenesis and fat oxidation. Additional research has shown that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), an abundant polyphenol found in green tea, reduced body weight loss and body fat by increasing thermogenesis and fat oxidation in rats. These results suggest that green tea components such as EGCG may be responsible for green tea’s effects on body weight and body composition and thus, may be useful for treating obesity.
25-27is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates, minerals and essential fatty acids. Bee pollen also provides B-complex vitamins and vitamin C, amino acids, enzymes and other important nutrients. Bee pollen can complement the daily diet, due to the proportions of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. In fact, bee pollen is commonly used to enhance energy levels and improve endurance and stamina during exercise or sports.
3,25,28-30, commonly known as Siberian ginseng, is approved by the German Commission E as a tonic to combat fatigue, debility, declining concentration or work capacity, and during convalescence. Eleuthero has also demonstrated antioxidant and immuno-enhancing effects, and has been shown to balance blood pressure and blood sugar levels and normalize adrenal and thyroid function in both animal and experimental studies. In Russia, where most of the research on eleuthero has been conducted, it is widely used as a tonic to increase resistance to stress and reduce infections. In recent years, eleuthero’s ability to enhance stamina and endurance led Soviet Olympic athletes to use the herb to improve their training. Eleuthero is not recommended during pregnancy or lactation, as the results are unknown.
31-35is an ancient Chinese tonic herb that has been used as a traditional medicine to combat fatigue, enhance vitality and promote longevity. In China, cordyceps is regarded as nothing short of an anti-aging miracle. In fact, Chinese researchers report that older people feel stronger and more energetic after taking cordyceps. Scientific studies have found that cordyceps increases levels of naturally-produced antioxidants, including superoxide dismutase (SOD)—one of the body’s most important and powerful antioxidants. Research also shows that cordyceps enhances immunity and reduces total cholesterol levels.
3,28,36-38is an amino acid needed for efficient fatty acid metabolism, which results in cellular energy production. L-carnitine transports fatty acids into the mitochondria where they are converted to energy. Since fatty acids are the primary fuel for energy production in the heart muscle, normal heart function depends on sufficient levels of l-carnitine. Athletes commonly take l-carnitine to improve energy levels for optimum exercise performance; however, individuals suffering from chronic fatigue may also find l-carnitine helpful for increasing energy levels. In addition, newer studies reveal that l-carnitine can help maintain healthy cholesterol and blood lipid levels. Furthermore, l-carnitine may play a role in the reversal of insulin resistance, which is a common element of and potential contributing factor to obesity.
5,39-42has been shown to promote thyroid function and improve a sluggish metabolism, particularly because kelp is rich in iodine. The synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones depend on sufficient levels of iodine. Since iodine is not stored in the body, it must be obtained daily from the diet in order to maintain healthy thyroid function. Thus, iodine deficiency may lead to hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), obesity, slow metabolism, and even dry hair, heart palpitation, nervousness, rapid pulse and irritability. Kelp is also a plentiful source of calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium and some B-vitamins.
25,28,43,44provides the highest vegetable source of protein, along with rich amounts of carbohydrates, B-complex vitamins (especially B12), vitamins A and E, minerals and trace elements, and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Research has shown that spirulina provides a hypocholesterolemic (cholesterol-lowering) effect in patients with increased levels of lipids (fats such as cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins). Spirulina may also be beneficial for treating obesity and compulsive eating disorders. The high level of protein, vitamins and minerals in spirulina help nourish the body and may provide a more satisfied feeling of fullness. Plus, spirulina contains the amino acid phenylalanine, which is believed to act on the hypothalmus—the brain’s appetite center—to help suppress hunger and thus, promote weight loss. A 4-week, double-blind study involving 16 overweight individuals found that spirulina supplementation resulted in a small but statistically significant loss of weight compared to those taking a placebo.
1Preuss, H.G., et. al. “Citrus aurantium as a thermogenic, weight-reduction replacement for ephedra: an overview.” Journal of Medicine; 2002;33(1-4):247-264.
2Bell, S.J. & Goodrick, G.K. “A functional food product for the management of weight.” Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition; 2002 Mar;42(2):163-178.
3Pizzorno, J & Murray, M. A Textbook of Natural Medicine, 2nd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1999.
4Collins, S. & Surwit, R.S. “The beta-adrenergic receptors and the control of adipose tissue metabolism and thermogenesis.” Recent Progress in Hormone Research; 2001, 56:309-328.
5Dunne, L. Nutrition Almanac, 3rd Edition. NY, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1990.
6Shannon M. “An empathetic look at overweight.” CCL Family Foundations; 1993, 20(3):3, 5.
7Neuhouser, M.L., et. al. “Serum concentrations of retinol, alpha-tocopherol and the carotenoids are influenced by diet, race and obesity in a sample of healthy adolescents.” Journal of Nutrition; 2001, 131(8):2184-2191.
8Reitman, A., et. al. “Low plasma antioxidants and normal plasma B vitamins and homocysteine in patients with severe obesity.” Israel Medical Association Journal; 2002, 4(8):590-593.
9Murray ND, M. & Pizzorno ND, J. Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, 2nd Ed. Rocklin, CA: Prima, 1998.
10Ohia, S.E., et. al. “Safety and mechanism of appetite suppression by a novel hydroxycitric acid extract (HCA-SX).” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry; 2002, 238(1-2):89-103.
11Jena, B.S., et. al. “Chemistry and biochemistry of (-)-hydroxycitric acid from Garcinia.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; 2002, 50(1):10-22.
12Mattes, R.D. & Bormann, L. “Effects of (-)-hydroxycitric acid on appetitive variables.” Physiology & Behavior; 2000, 71(1-2):87-94.
13Huang, Y.T., et. al. “Fructus aurantii reduced portal pressure in portal hypertensive rats.” Life Sciences; 1995, 57(22):2011-2020.
14Xiao, M., et. al. [Determination of naringin and synephrine in fructus aurantii from different habitats by HPLC]. Zhong Yao Cai; 2000, 23(5):268-270.
15Bensky, D. & Gamble, A. Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica. Eastland Press, 1986.
16Phillips, B. 1996 Supplement Review. Golden, CO: Mile High Publishing Inc, 1995.
17Carpene, C., et. al. “Selective activation of beta3-adrenoceptors by octopamine: comparative studies in mammalian fat cells.” Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s Archives of Pharmacology; 1999, 359(4):310-321.
18Bown, D. Encyclopedia of Herbs & Their Uses. NY, NY: Dorling Kindersley, 1995.
19“Foliurn Nelumbinis.” Traditional Chinese DaMo Qigong, 2003. . Accessed February 2004.
20Alschuler ND, L. “Green tea: Healing tonic.” American Journal of Natural Medicine; 1998, 5(8):28-31.
21Knight, J. “Reading the tea leaves.” Herbs For Health; 1998, 3(2):41-45.
22Dulloo, A.G., et. al. “Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 1999, 70(6):1040-1045.
23—. “Green tea and thermogenesis: interactions between catechin-polyphenols, caffeine and sympathetic activity.” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders; 2000, 24(2):252-258.
24Kao, Y.H., et. al. “Modulation of endocrine systems and food intake by green tea epigallocatechin gallate.” Endocrinology; 2000, 141:980–987.
25Fetrow, C. & Avila, J. Professional’s Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999.
26Weiner, M. & Weiner, J. Herbs That Heal: Prescription For Herbal Healing. Mill Valley, CA: Quantum, 1994.
27Orzaez Villanueva, M.T., et. al. “The importance of bee-collected pollen in the diet: a study of its composition.” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition; 2002, 53(3):217-224.
28Lininger DC, S., et al. The Natural Pharmacy, 2nd ed. Rocklin, CA: Prima Health, 1999.
29“Radix Eleutherococci.” In: WHO monographs on selected medicine plants, Volume 2. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. trm/medicinalplants/vol2/083to096.pdf>. Accessed December 2003. 30Newall, C., et. al. Herbal Medicines. London: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1996. 31Hobbs, LAc, C. Medicinal Mushrooms, 3rd Ed. Loveland, CO: Botanica Press, Inc., 1996. 32Jones, K. Cordyceps: Tonic Food of Ancient China. Seattle, WA: Sylvan Press, 1997. 33Lombardi DC, R.M. “Mycological Medicine.” Natural Foods Merchandiser; September 2002. 34Koh, J.H., et. al. “Activation of macrophages and the intestinal immune system by an orally administered decoction from cultured mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis.” Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry; 2002, 66(2):407-411. 35—. “Hypocholesterolemic effect of hot-water extract from mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis.” Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin; 2003, 26(1):84-87. 36Kelly, G.S. “L-Carnitine: therapeutic applications of a conditionally-essential amino acid.“ Alternative Medicine Review; 1998, 3(5): 345-360. 37Nuesch, R., et. al. “Plasma and urine carnitine concentrations in well-trained athletes at rest and after exercise. Influence of L-carnitine intake.“ Drugs in Experimental and Clinical Research; 1999, 25(4): 167-171. 38Edmonds, B. “The Best Kept Secret in Heart Health.” Natural Foods Merchandiser; November 2003. 39Ames PhD, M. “Causes and Treatment of Hypothyroidism.” International Journal of Integrative Medicine; 2001, 3(3):8-11. 40Kirsten, D. “The thyroid gland: physiology and pathophysiology.” Neonatal Network; 2000, 19(8):11-26. 41Mars, B. “Thyroid health, naturally.” Herbs For Health; 2003, 7(6):46-49. 42Erickson, K. “Gifts from the deep.” Herbs For Health; 2001, 6(4):44-48. 43Challem, J. Spirulina. New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 1981. 44Samuels R, et. al. “Hypocholesterolemic effect of spirulina in patients with hyperlipidemic nephrotic syndrome.” Journal of Medicinal Food; 2002, 5(2):91-96.
trm/medicinalplants/vol2/083to096.pdf>. Accessed December 2003.
30Newall, C., et. al. Herbal Medicines. London: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1996.
31Hobbs, LAc, C. Medicinal Mushrooms, 3rd Ed. Loveland, CO: Botanica Press, Inc., 1996.
32Jones, K. Cordyceps: Tonic Food of Ancient China. Seattle, WA: Sylvan Press, 1997.
33Lombardi DC, R.M. “Mycological Medicine.” Natural Foods Merchandiser; September 2002.
34Koh, J.H., et. al. “Activation of macrophages and the intestinal immune system by an orally administered decoction from cultured mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis.” Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry; 2002, 66(2):407-411.
35—. “Hypocholesterolemic effect of hot-water extract from mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis.” Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin; 2003, 26(1):84-87.
36Kelly, G.S. “L-Carnitine: therapeutic applications of a conditionally-essential amino acid.“ Alternative Medicine Review; 1998, 3(5): 345-360.
37Nuesch, R., et. al. “Plasma and urine carnitine concentrations in well-trained athletes at rest and after exercise. Influence of L-carnitine intake.“ Drugs in Experimental and Clinical Research; 1999, 25(4): 167-171.
38Edmonds, B. “The Best Kept Secret in Heart Health.” Natural Foods Merchandiser; November 2003.
39Ames PhD, M. “Causes and Treatment of Hypothyroidism.” International Journal of Integrative Medicine; 2001, 3(3):8-11.
40Kirsten, D. “The thyroid gland: physiology and pathophysiology.” Neonatal Network; 2000, 19(8):11-26.
41Mars, B. “Thyroid health, naturally.” Herbs For Health; 2003, 7(6):46-49.
42Erickson, K. “Gifts from the deep.” Herbs For Health; 2001, 6(4):44-48.
43Challem, J. Spirulina. New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing, 1981.
44Samuels R, et. al. “Hypocholesterolemic effect of spirulina in patients with hyperlipidemic nephrotic syndrome.” Journal of Medicinal Food; 2002, 5(2):91-96.